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sound barrier wall for garden


Room acoustics is a complex field that involves the manipulation of sound in enclosed spaces. One important aspect of room acoustics is the use of barrier processes to control the transmission of sound energy through walls, floors, and ceilings. Barrier processes are a set of techniques and materials that reduce the amount of sound energy that can pass through a barrier.

Low-Frequency Barrier Technology
Low-Frequency Barrier

Types of Sound Transmission

Sound energy can be transmitted through a barrier in two ways: airborne transmission, and structure-borne transmission.

1.) Airborne transmission occurs when sound waves cause molecules in the air of the room to vibrate and pass through the barrier in the form of airborne sound waves.

2.) Structure-borne transmission occurs when sound waves vibrate the solid structure of the barrier, causing it to vibrate and transmit the sound energy to the other side.

3.) Structure-borne transmission occurs when sound waves vibrate the solid structure of the barrier, causing it to vibrate and transmit the sound energy to the other side.

soundproofing existing walls 2 1

Understanding the Sound Transmission Class (STC) Rating

The Sound Transmission Class (STC) rating is used to measure the effectiveness of a barrier at reducing sound transmission. It is a single-number rating that represents the sound reduction properties of the barrier in decibels (dB). The higher the STC rating, the better the barrier is at reducing sound transmission.

  1. Mass: The addition of mass to a barrier can significantly reduce the amount of sound transmitted through it. Common materials used for mass include concrete, brick, and metal.
  2. Damping: Damping materials can be applied to a barrier to reduce the vibration caused by sound waves, which in turn reduces the amount of sound transmitted through the barrier. Common damping materials include viscoelastic polymers and bitumen.
  3. Decoupling: Decoupling involves separating the barrier from the structure it is attached to, which reduces structure-borne transmission. This can be achieved by using resilient channels, double studs, or isolation clips.
  4. Air gaps: Air gaps between two barriers can reduce airborne transmission by providing an additional barrier for sound waves to pass through.
  5. Absorption: Absorptive materials can be used to reduce the amount of sound reflected back into the room after it has passed through the barrier. Common absorptive materials include fiberglass, mineral wool, and foam.
ConcreteMass, damping
BrickMass, damping
MetalMass, damping
Resilient channelsDecoupling
Double studsDecoupling
Isolation clipsDecoupling
Mineral woolAbsorption
Table 1: Materials Used in Barrier Processes
Foley Wave Graphic

Sound Barriers by Acoustic Fields

At Acoustic Fields, we have processes to assist you with measuring noise. We have apps we send you for downloading on your phone. You take the noise numbers per our instructions and fill out the noise data on our online form. You send the form to us and we send you a drawing to build.


Barrier processes are an essential aspect of room acoustics that play a crucial role in controlling the transmission of sound energy. By understanding the different types of sound transmission and using techniques such as mass, damping, decoupling, air gaps, and absorption, it is possible to significantly improve the sound reduction properties of a barrier. When selecting materials for barrier processes, it is important to consider the specific application and the level of sound reduction required to achieve the desired acoustic environment.

Dennis Foley

I am an acoustic engineer with over 30 years’ experience in the business. My technology has been used in Electric Lady Land Studios, Sony Music of New York, Cello Music and Films founded by Mark Levinson, and Saltmines Studios in Mesa, Arizona, along with hundreds of others.

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